Hamilton parking and the policy for MPR

Minimum Parking Requirements (MinPR) and Maximum Parking Requirements (MaxPR); do they have the same purpose?

Listed below are three medium-sized cities with a population density of 1,000 to 2,000 people per sq km.

Hamilton NZ has a population of 153,100 (including 40,000 tertiary students) in an area of 98 km2 giving it a population density of 1,560 people per km2 Hamilton uses MinPR.

Geelong VIC has a population of 215,000 (including 27,000 tertiary students) in an area of 115 km2 giving it a population density of 1,870 people per km2 Geelong also uses MinPR.

Cambridge UK has a lower population of 123,867 (including 24,488 students) in an area of 40.7 km2 giving it a population density of 3,040 people per km2. Cambridge uses MaxPR.

Cambridge UK Newmarket Rd Google maps

Cambridge UK Newmarket Rd Google maps

These Councils use both MinPR and MaxPR to support mode change and manage adverse effects on traffic.

Parking Policy using MinPR:  Hamilton District Plans, 25.14 Transportation (page 143)

The design, location and quantity of parking infrastructure is managed in a way that:

I. Provides for special design requirements of transport network users.

ii. Minimises adverse effects arising from an over- or under-supply of parking.

iii. Minimises adverse safety and efficiency effects on the transport network.

iv. Maximises opportunities for the efficient use of existing parking infrastructure.

v. Trips by active modes and passenger transport are encouraged through integration with travel demand management and passenger transport options.


Parking policy using MinPR: Geelong Planning Schemes 52.06 Car Parking


– To ensure the provision of an appropriate number of car parking spaces having regard to the demand likely to be generated the activities on the land and the nature of the locality.

To support sustainable transport alternatives to the motor car.

– To promote the efficient use of car parking spaces through the consolidation of car parking facilities.

– To ensure that car parking does not adversely affect the amenity of the locality.

– To ensure that the design and location of car parking is of a high standard, creates a safe environment for users and enables easy and efficient use.


Parking policy using MaxPR: Cambridge UK Local Plan 2006 8/10 Off-Street Car Parking

Car parking standards constitute an important means to manage traffic levels. Even though other factors, such as access to public transport, are important in encouraging journeys to be made other than by car, studies suggest that the restriction of car parking at the journey’s end is very significant.



Question One: is there evidence that  Minimum Parking Requirements with no limit on maximum number of car parking will encourage and support alternative transport options as stated in both Hamilton and Geelong policy?

Question Two: If parking is the storage of something, should the council dictate the amount of storage a property owner wishes to supply?

From Parking Policy Asian Cities by Paul Barter, for the Asian Development Bank, page 84:

Cities with success tackling on-street parking and those that still have chaotic on-street parking problems vary widely in their parking requirements and off-street parking supply. Creating off-street parking does not magically suck cars away from streets. Motorists will park in the most convenient spaces, in the streets, so long as the consequences or costs are minimal. This does not mean that parking shortages never happen. However, chaotic on-street parking is not necessarily a signal of shortage. It is a sign of poorly managed on-street parking

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